Shing Mun Redoubt
6 April 2018
Shing Mun Redoubt, a 12-acre underground citadel built in the 1930s on the northern part of Smuggler's Ridge. A network of tunnels, observation posts and pillboxes, the redoubt was meant to guard the most vulnerable land route into Kowloon. The tunnels are named after London place names, some are ruined but a lot are in great condition after 80 years.
28 December 2015
307 metres above sea level, Pinewood Battery is the highest of all the coastal defence batteries in Hong Kong and is very high by comparison with coastal defence batteries located in other parts of the world.
It was built in 1901-1905 to ward off a perceived threat from Russia and France. Costing a total of £9,579 at the time, it was meant to defend against western entry to Hong Kong harbour. Two six-inch Mark 7 guns were installed, each able to fire a 100-pound shell over a seven-mile range. However, shortly after its completion, Pinewood Battery was designated as surplus to requirement in 1906.
The government was worried about the high cost of maintaining Hong Kong’s coastal defences and, the two guns at the battery were removed in 1913.
With the development of air power during World War I, it was decided that Hong Kong needed an anti-aircraft defense, and Pinewood Battery was drafted back into use in the mid 1920s with the installation of two three-inch Mark 1 anti-aircraft guns. Several buildings and shelters were added to the complex at the same time.
A week after their attack on Hong Kong, the Japanese directed extensive airborne operations towards the Island. On 15 December 1941, positions and military installations on the western side of Hong Kong Island were raided by the 23rd Army Air Group.
The Pinewood Battery, manned by soldiers from the 17th Anti-Aircraft Battery of the 5th Regiment of the Royal Artillery, was air-raided several times by the Japanese bombers. It was abandoned on the 15th after an anti-aircraft gun was destroyed and other equipment damaged during one of these air raids.
On Christmas Day, 1941, Governor Mark Young surrendered to the invading Japanese. Pinewood Battery fell into disuse.
Mount Davis Battery
29 September 2018
High on the western extremity of Hong Kong Island, Mount Davis was the site for a battery built in the early 1900s. Compared with Lyemun, where the eastern approach to Victoria Harhour was 500 yards, the western sea lane was much wider - 3,600 yards - which was the reason why such heavy artillery fire was needed to safeguard it.
Construction of the Mount Davis Battery comprising five 9.2 inch guns was completed in 1912. Shortly afterwards, the military selected a site near the summit of Mount Davis to accommodate the headquarters of the Western Fire Command, which was responsible for artillery positions on the western side of the Island. During the mid-1930s, two of the 9.2-inch guns were moved to Stanley to strengthen th
After the outbreak of war in 1941, all three remaining guns saw action. The battery came under heavy and sustained attack from the Japanese. The plotting room, an anti-aircraft position, and a gun located on the upper level were destroyed during the attacks.
The Japanese attack on the 14th resulted in a number of deaths amongst the gun crew. Nevertheless, one shell which landed directly on the battery command post proved to be a dud and did not explode, saving the lives of approximately 60 soldiers taking shelter within it. On the 16th a combined force of 62 bombers from the Japanese army and navy took offensive against the battery. The remaining arma
Sai Wan Battery
5 January 2019
In 1895 a fort was constructed at Lei Yue Mun overlooking the eastern approach to Victoria Harbour. In 1898, the 89th Company of the Royal Garrison Artillery began to build a battery next to the fort to house two six-inch breech-loading Mark VI guns. Construction of the battery was completed in 1905. Only three years after construction the battery was considered surplus to requirements and the two guns were removed.
In the 1920s two anti-aircraft 3-inch guns were installed.
On 18 December 1941 Japanese troops landed on Hong Kong island and within 30 minutes they reached Sai Wan Battery. The attack resulted in six gunners being killed, 20 taken prisoner and 30 escaped. The Japanese continued to attack the next day, murdering captives and paramedics at a first aid post at Salesian Mission on Chai Wan Road.
After World War II Sai Wan Battery continued to be used, it housed four 3.7-inch anti-aircraft guns, two on the emplacements where the 3-inch guns where sited.
Sai Wan Battery was handed over to the Hong Kong Government in 1987.
26 August 2017
Constructed for the defence of Hong Kong in the 1930s, not far from Hong Kong Cricket Club, just off Black's Link, this wartime relic can still be explored. Entrance is by a seemingly over-elaborate tunnel, there's no fittings or gun placements inside anymore and the walls have been decorated with juvenile graffiti.
Pillbox 6 and Lyon Light in Waterfall Bay
24 February 2019
Waterfall Bay is a small bay on the coast of Wah Fu Estate, Southern District, Hong Kong. The abandoned pillbox is located in the northwest of the small beach. The tall structure on the seaward side is the remains of the Lyon Light shelter.
In the 1930s, the British army began installing defence structures in preparation for possible attacks by the Japanese army. A number of Pillboxes were built along the southern coast of Hong Kong. This pillbox is one of them. There is a waterfall in the bay that provides fresh water.
Pillbox 21, Chung Hom Kok
11 August 2019
The old name for Chung Hom Bay was West Bay, and that is the name that is used for this pillbox in the wartime records.
Pillbox 22, Sha Shek Tan, Stanley
21 March 2019
Pillbox 35, Rocky Bay, Shek O
18 March 2018
Pillbox 35 Lyon Light emplacement, Rocky Bay, Shek O
18 March 2018
Central Ordnance Munitions Depot (aka Little Hong Kong), Deep Water Bay Drive, Shouson Hill
28 April 2018
The Central Ordinance Munitions Depot, or Little Hong Kong as it was known during the Second World War, was constructed by the British Royal Engineers in the late 1930s. This was a time when the political situation in Asia was decaying.
When the Battle of Hong Kong broke out in December 1941, the Depot was manned by soldiers of four nationalities: British Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Army Service Corps, and Royal Engineers; Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers; Punjabi infantrymen (from pre-partition India); and local Chinese soldiers of the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps. Little Hong Kong was referred to in numerous communications throughout the Battle, as missions fought their way through Japanese lines to retrieve munitions with which to re-supply the front line. From Little Hong Kong itself, the defenders fired tens of thousands of rounds in an attempt to prevent the Japanese capturing the area. Notably, it became the last position to fall to the Japanese occupying forces in the Battle on the 27th, two days after the surrender of Hong Kong.
After the fall of Hong Kong in December 1941, the Japanese occupied the site until Hong Kong was liberated in August 1945. Thereafter it returned to British military use until the 1970s when the Hong Kong police used it as a police driving school. The facilities were then used to store rock core samples. Recently, they have been converted into wine cellars.
East Brigade Headquarters
18 March 2018
These bunkers close to the junction of Shek O Road and Tai Tam Road were bombed during the assault on Hong Kong but were never attacked as the Allies withdrew to Stanley. There is an underground bunker here including a 'Fortress Plotting Room', equipped with 1 plotting table, 1 encoder, and 8 personnel. East Brigade under Brigadier Wallis was made up of the Rajputs and the Royal Rifles.
West Brigade Headquarters
31 October 2018
20 January 2019
The present site of the PCCW Cape D’ Aguilar HF Radio Transmitting Station, at the south-eastern end of D’Aguilar, was formerly a coast defence gun battery called Bokhara Battery built in the 1930s. The Battery, with two gun emplacements and a number of bunkers and searchlight positions, defended the southern part of Hong Kong Island together with Stanley Battery and Chung Hom Kok Battery.