In 1903 the Government of Hong Kong installed boundary stones for the City of Victoria. Six of these relics of a time gone by remain.
The "Cheung Chau (Residence) Ordinance, 1919", passed on August 28th that year, stated "no person shall reside within that southern portion without the consent of the Governor-in-council.".
When the law was first proposed in the Legislative Council, the two Chinese members were firmly against it. Mr Ho Fook declared: "In view of the fact that the war has been won by all races in the Empire I cannot be party to the passing of the Bill which, in my opinion, is nothing less than racial legislation. I hope you will see your way to withdraw this Bill as suggested by my colleague."
The British stuck to the line that the law was intended to preserve the southern area as a place where British and American missionaries could live with their families. The missionaries needed a place to rest after spending time working in Southern China. They had previously used the Peak but it had become too expensive so they had turned to Cheung Chau. Now there was the risk that would also become too expensive, so they'd turned to the British government for protection. The law gave the missionaries the protection they needed, and was "an entirely economic question and not a racial question at all." The law was passed that same day.
In July 1946, Bills were introduced to repeal both laws that restricted residence on the Peak on Hong Kong island and in south Cheung Chau. In both cases the Attorney General noted that "it would be out of harmony with the spirit of the times to retain the Ordinance".
There are nine remaining boundary stones: numbers 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14. You can find them on the Hidden Hong Kong Map, note however that some are on private property, number 14 being inside St John's Hospital!
Two small obelisks fixed in 1902 at longitude 113°52’0” E to state the north and south boundaries of Lantau by Liet. and Comr. F.M. Leake R.N. and the officers of H. M. S “Bramble”.
Dotted around the PLA Barracks in Central are 40 or 50 boundary markers inscribed with D.L. 1 for Defence Lot 1, what was the British Central Barracks at Tamar.
Thousands of people walk past them every day but probably don't notice the wartime air raid shelters on Queen's Road East at the junction with Hennessy Road and Justice Drive near Pacific Place. They are unused now, close by to other moth-balled military buildings in the area. Look out for the boundary markers D.L. 4 - Defence Lot 4 - that stretch all the way up the hill to the old Victoria Barracks ammunition magazine where the Asia Society is now.
Gun Club Hill Barracks, later known as Defence Lot 6, were British barracks in King's Park. The military began using the area shortly after 1860 when the British acquired Kowloon. The Chinese PLA occupy the space now but you can still see a few reminders in the way of boundary marker stones, a cannon at one of the entrances and colonial military buildings inside.